Mountain climbing is a physical and mental health exercise, not only can exercise, but also cultivate emotions. However, mountain climbing is an exercise that consumes a lot of oxygen, and accidents may occur if you do not grasp it well. Therefore, the following points must be kept in mind when participating in mountain climbing exercises:
Pay attention to the sun and then go up the mountain. It is late in winter and it is easy to get out of the dark and exercise. Winter morning is the time when the temperature is the lowest in the day. The temperature difference between indoor and outdoor is very large, and it is irritated by cold air, which is prone to vasospasm and induce angina or myocardial infarction. At this time, the blood viscosity is the highest and the blood sugar is the lowest, so it is better to go mountain climbing after breakfast.
Pay attention to different people Although climbing is a good fitness activity, it is not suitable for everyone. It is best to check your body before climbing the mountain. If you have heart disease, it is best not to climb the mountain. Because mountain climbing consumes a lot of energy and increases the heart load, it is easy to induce angina pectoris and myocardial infarction. In addition, patients with epilepsy, dizziness, hypertension, and emphysema should not climb mountains. People with arthropathy or knee and ankle joint injuries are not suitable for climbing (and climbing).
Pay attention to drink plenty of water, Even if you are not thirsty before climbing the mountain, you should drink a glass of water, which can not only dilute the blood, but also reduce the lack of water during exercise. You should also pay attention to replenishing water when climbing, preferably sports drinks containing electrolytes, which can reduce fatigue and restore physical strength as soon as possible. A small number of times, take three large sips each time, often drink, do not wait for thirst before drinking.
Pay attention to step by step, do some simple warm-up activities before climbing the mountain. The height and time of climbing should be based on your physical strength and normal activities. If you feel tired, or have panic, chest tightness, or sweating, you should immediately stop exercising and rest on the spot.
Pay attention to prevent the legs and feet of the elderly from falling down. It is best to use a walking stick when climbing the mountain, and pay attention to leaning forward. It is also necessary to avoid the place where there is snow, to prevent the feet or slipping.
Avoid local massage for sprains. When acute sprains occur during mountain climbing, avoid local massage or hot compress, preferably cold compress for 20 to 30 minutes, which can reduce swelling and relieve pain.
Be careful not to get lost. Mountain climbing should choose the route with more people, avoid the cliffs and thorny paths, and do not drill the forests where no one walks. Don’t go up too early, and don’t go down too late. It’s best to bring a communication tool such as a mobile phone if possible, in case of an accident, it is convenient to contact the outside world.